November is Diabetes Awareness MonthAnyone, in any phase of life can be diagnosed with Diabetes.And now more than ever, there is a Diabetic epidemic. In the past 10 years, the amount of people diagnosed with the disease has increased almost 50 percent- more than 29 million Americans are currently living with this diagnosis.Did you know that Diabetes has killed more people than AIDS and breast cancer put together?“It is a leading cause of blindness, kidney failure, amputations, heart failure and stroke.”It is an expensive disease: “Annually, Diabetes costs the American public more than $245 billion.”What is Diabetes?  Let’s begin with a basic understanding of insulin.Your body has the ability to turn food into glucose everytime you eat. When this happens, your pancreas releases insulin.“Insulin serves as a “key” to open your cells, to allow the glucose to enter — and allow you to use the glucose for energy.”Diabetes alters this system.“Type 1 and type 2 Diabetes are the most common forms of the disease, but there are also other kinds, such as gestational Diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy.”What is Type 1 Diabetes?  Type 1 Diabetes is known as “insulin-dependent” Diabetes. It usually develops in children and young adults.Immune System AttacksEssentially, Type 1 Diabetes forms when someone’s immune system begins to destroy cells in the pancreas, making this Disease one form of “autoimmune” Diseases.These cells that are being destroyed (“islets”) – have the purpose of sensing glucose in the blood are responsible for producing insulin to balance out blood sugar.If this problem is ignored and untreated, the high level of “blood sugar” produced by this imbalance can damage internal organs, and even lead to death.Insulin TherapySo how is this rectified? A person with Type 1 Diabetes must take insulin injections.Now the body’s cells can receive glucose.You might wonder how much insulin each person with Type 1 Diabetes should take, or is it the same for everyone? The answer is, it depends. On several factors, including: “food, exercise, stress, emotions,” and other health considerations.Balancing ActAs you can tell, “Deciding on what dose of insulin to take is a complicated balancing act.”Consider if a person were to take too much insulin.The body would then burns too much glucose, resulting in unhealthily low blood sugar. This is a condition called “hypoglycemia”, which, if not caught and treated, could be fatal.Consider if a person were to take too little insulin.The body might be deprived of the energy it required, resulting in unhealthily high blood sugar. This is a condition called “hyperglycemia”. Now long-term complications associated with Diabetes are more likely to occur.What is Type 2 Diabetes?  Type 2 Diabetes is also know as “non-insulin dependent Diabetes”.Unlike Type 1, it usually develops in adults (over 35). (“However, a growing number of younger people are now developing type 2 Diabetes.”)People with type 2 are still able to produce some of their own insulin, but usually not enough. And the body might also be “insulin resistant” where the body’s cells will not allow the glucose to enter, even with the insulin the body can produce.Usually Type 2 can be found in those with a more “sedentary lifestyle” who might be overweight.Sometimes, insulin injections might be necessary, but more often this Disease is treated primarily with diet and exercise.For great tips on managing Diabetes please check out this site:(Source: https://www.diabetesresearch.org/what-is-diabetes

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